The Bolognese is a small dog of the Bichon type sometimes known as the Bichon Bolognese. They are a companion dog which builds strong bonds to the person they spend most time with. They’re an easy-going dog which loves people.
They are a fairly rare breed and don't appear in the American Kennel Club’s list of the 190 most popular dogs.
Origins Of The Bolognese
The Bolognese dog originated near the city of Bologna in Italy. Although its exact origin is not known, it is quite closely related to the Maltese terrier. However, it is not clear which breed descended from which.
There are depictions of the Bolognese dog in paintings going as far back it's the 13th century.
The breed was first taken to England in 1990.
The Bolognese is a small dog which has a single white coat. They are classified as low shedders, but their coat does need regular combing to avoid matting.
They are compact muscular dogs which stand between 9 and 12 inches high at the shoulder.
Adult dogs weigh between eight and fourteen pounds.
They have long floppy ears and their tail is carried over their back.
They are friendly to people and generally get on well with other dogs. This is especially true if they are socialised when they are young.
They are independently minded and can be hard to train and house-train. You will get there in the end, but you will require patience and persistence.
They will bark and let you know if anyone is around but rarely become problem barkers.
If they see you reacting calmly with strangers, they will usually accept them quite well.
Generally, the Bolognese is a healthy dog breed. Along with many other smaller breeds, they are relatively long lived. Their average life span is between 12 and 14 years
If you are thinking about becoming a Bologna Dog Owner, the American Bolognese Club recommends having them screen for Patella Luxation and for genetic eye problems.
Grooming And Care
The Bolognese needs daily brushing and combing. Dogs which are not intended for the show ring are often clipped, leaving about one inch of hair. Often the hair is left long around the face giving them a mop head appearance.
The nails should be checked regularly and trimmed if they are too long.
Keep the ears free from wax and debris which can cause infection.
Daily oral care including teeth brushing will avoid gum disease and more serious problems.
They take well to living in apartments, although they will still need some exercise. This exercise can take the form of an outside walk or some sort of indoor game.
They are often recommended as a pet for seniors.
Owners of small dogs often think that they don’t need training. This can lead to the dog not becoming fully socialised or understanding his place in the family. It is a good idea to expose them to some obedience training even at the most basic level.
Bolognese As Pets
These little dogs make great pets. They love being with people. They are a true companion dog.